My claim is actually the opposite: To empathize with someone is to put yourself in her shoes, to feel her pain. Some researchers also use the term to encompass the more coldblooded process of assessing what other people are thinking, their motivations, their plans, what they believe. I will follow this convention here, but we should keep in mind that the two are distinct—they emerge from different brain processes; you can have a lot of one and a little of the other—and that most of the discussion of the moral implications of empathy focuses on its emotional side.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Meta Ethics Essay Sample Explain how meta-ethics is different from normative ethics.
Utilitarianism, Kantian ethics, religious ethics, situation ethics, virtue ethics and natural law are all example of normative theories of ethics, they try to shoe us how to behave. Where as… Meta ethics is a term used to describe the study of the meaning of ethical languages. Are we expressing our feelings of approval?
Meta ethical philosophers try work out what we are doing when we use moral language, because if there is no agreement about the meaning of ethical language, then ethical debates are pointless and will never achieve anything.
There are four main parts to Meta ethics, naturalism, intuitionism, Emotivism, and prescriptivism. Naturalism is moral facts that can be deduced through science and logic from the world around us.
You can clearly see what you ought to do by observing your position in society and. Morals can be based on the same kind of observation of the world as used on science. Intuitionism is a special sense for detecting morality.
Intuitionism was produced by G. Moore thought that naturalists had made a mistakeand that moral statements cannot be verified simply by looking at the evidence available to the five senses and in the way we observe the physical aspects of the universe.
You cannot see wrongness in the way you can see bread rising. Moore believed that we cannot use our five senses to tell us whether something is good, but we can use our moral intuition.
We can know what good is through our knowledge of good things, we recognize goodness when we see it, and just know that it is good. Emotivism is the idea that all moral statements are expressions of feeling and are meaningless.
Emotivism was produced by A. Ayer believed that facts are either observable or logically necessary; moral statements are neither. They cannot be sientifically or logically proven.
They are emotive expressions. Stevenson deleloped this idea, saying moral statements express subjective beliefs. Prescriptivism is the idea that moral statements instruct behaviour or hope to lead to behaviour.
Prescriptivism was produced by R.
Natural Law holds that there is a good natural order to the human world which ought to be followed. Therefore natural law says that everyone should know what good is and follow the natural rules to keep the goodness. Utilitarianism maintains that an action is right if it produces the greatest good for the gretest number.
Therefore utilitarianism states that everyone knows what good is to be able to judge if an action produces it or not. Therfore situation ethics also states that everyone knows what good is to beable to choose what the most good and loving thing to do in every situation. Virtue ethics claims that being good requires the practise of a certain kind of behaviour.
This therefore shows also that everyone must know what good is to be able to practise being good using a certain kind of behavior. Also some meta ethical theories such as, Intuitionism agrees with the statement as it sates that through our knowledge of good things, we recognize goodness when we see it, and just know that it is good.
Facts are either observable or logically necessary; moral statements are neither. They cannot be scientifically or logically proven.
Stevenson developed this idea, saying moral statements express subjective beliefs. Moore thought that there is a difference between good things and goodness itself.
We may use a good knife to stab someone, which is a morally bad thing to do. We may be referring to their character, or the kind things they do. The moral sense of good refers to actions, consequences, situations, people, characters, choices and lifestyles.
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