Bank of Baroda focuses on its employees, offering a career rather than just a job. Various initiatives are in place to groom employees throughout their life cycle. A best-in-class new hire on-boarding program The program spans 6 months for officers and 2 week for clerks.
Both countries demonstrate a common pattern of development different from that of the slowly growing West. In contrast, the slowly growing Western economies rely on private investment with no rapid growth of state investment.
But the facts of this global economic trend are also crucial for economic theory and analysis. According to the dogmas of "neo-liberalism" and the "Washington Consensus," private investment is supposed to be "good" while state investment is supposed to be "bad. Rapidly rising state investment is associated with high economic growth.
Rapidly rising state investment is associated with high economic growth China and India ; over-reliance on private investment is associated with low growth U.
These are easily the fastest growth rates for any major economies. They also propel the most rapid rates of growth of household and total consumption. Data for to date show the same pattern of rapid growth in China and India and slow growth in the U. Chinese state and private investment percent change year to year: For Q1 ofper capita GDP growth was 6.
Q2 data of show continuation of the same growth rate in China while per capita growth in the U. The chart below shows that the year-on-year growth of the U.
In China and India, the low growth rate of private investment is offset by rapidly growing state investment of over 20 percent; whereas in the U. But unlike China and India, the U. The Role of State Investment The logic is clear: It might occur to the reader that it is rapid economic growth in India and China that is leading to more state investment, not the other way around.
Or low rates of investment in the U. This to me is implausible since state investment is directly under government control and not subject to diffuse market forces. Both the Chinese and Indian government have made clear that they have deliberately taken the decision to increase state investment in order to stimulate economic growth, while in the U.
China, in the early part of this year, deliberately stepped up its level of state investment in several areas -- particularly in infrastructure. By May the infrastructure investment action plan included projects covering railways, highways, waterways, airports and urban rail transit, with projects in92 projects in and 80 projects in As is well known, it was a deliberate measure to stabilize the economy and prevent a downturn.
This was then supported by a series of reports by top Indian economic thinkers. At present, infrastructure spending is about 6 percent of the gross domestic product, which needs to be increased to 9 percent to make a yearly growth rate of 8 percent sustainable over a long term.
However, in the U. Significant state investment is not only rejected on ideological grounds, but is also structurally impractical due to the absence of a major state sector in its economy that is capable of delivering a rapid build-up of state investment.
Part of the reason for this is the extremely slow growth of the international economy. Over the entire period annual average per capita GDP growth in the U. There is no doubt, as I have been arguing, as to the reason for this extremely slowing growth in the Western economies: It was due to the extremely low rate of growth of fixed investment.
Indeed, by the level of fixed investment across the OECD countries, was still below its level in ! An investor observes screens at an exchange hall in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province of China.
Getty The reason for this, as analyzed in the case of the U. In contrast China and India, by rapidly raising state investment, were able to achieve far higher growth rates.
Conclusions The facts on the growth patterns in the "new normal" of the global economy are clear. The major economies with high growth rates of state investment China, India have high rates of economic growth. The major economies with low growth rates of state investment, such as the U.
These trends also show why India has recently achieved growth acceleration and major economic success. India has broken away from the "Washington Consensus" of "state bad, private good" to use state investment as the driving force of its economic development."Vivek Chibber's "Locked in Place" is a brilliant, benchmark study of the developmental state and its dilemmas.
Over the past two decades there has been a steady move away from systematic class analysis of state strategies toward state-centric approaches. In other words, the world's two fastest growing major economies, China and India, are both being driven by rapidly rising state investment, with private investment playing a less significant role.
State Level Bankers' Committee, set-up as per the Lead Bank Scheme of the Reserve Bank of India, is the highest body of bankers in the state. The committee meets once a quarter.
The State Bank may with the sanction of the Central Government, enter into negotiations for acquiring the business of any other Banking Institutions. Related Articles: Short Essay on Customs Union and Economic Integration. The State and Peacebuilding Fund (SPF) is the World Bank’s largest, global multi-donor trust fund established to finance innovative approaches to state and peace-building in regions affected by fragility, conflict and violence.
r-bridal.com: Locked in Place: State-Building and Late Industrialization in India (): Vivek Chibber: Books.